Gardening Basics for Every Gardener

Gardening is a pleasant hobby. A lot of folks love planting and looking after gardens as a leisure activity. This could be avenue for them to spend quality time with family or perhaps just relax.  

However, in order for you to have a healthy and beautiful garden, you need to have knowledge of gardening basics.

Gardens can be classified according to their distinctive features. If you find many herbal plants in it, it can be characterized as an herbal garden.  Where as a garden that has salad greens and other edible plants may be called a vegetable garden.  

They can also be classified based on design. Many designs follow from traditions and cultures practiced in various countries. Gardens patterns can be inspired from Chinese, French, English as well as other countries.

Below are some tips you need to know when gardening.

Locationgardening basics

Starting out as a gardener, one basic gardening element to learn is how to prepare the soil. The soil needs to be loose so that roots can grow and penetrate deeper than the topsoil.

Seasonal tilling of the soil also helps in loosening it and preparing it for the next planting.  

There are a few different soil types which depend on your location and regional climate.

Read this article on “Different Types of Soil”.

You also need to be mindful of the location of the garden.  Although sunlight is a key element for plants to grow, to much sun can harm your plants.  

Many leafy greens such as lettuce and spinach, actually dry out in direct sunlight.  

Whereas many flowers such as sunflowers and marigolds prefer full sunlight.  What type of garden you plan to have will determine the location you choose.  

Wateringgardening basics watering

One of the biggest and most common mistakes beginning gardeners make is – over watering.

Over watering a garden is just as harmful as under watering it.  To much water in the soil can block oxygen to the plant roots causing it to suffocate.

To little water and the plant will dehydrate.

A good rule of thumb is to water only when the top inch of soil is completely dry.  Depending on the local climate this may mean watering once a day, or not needing to water at all.


Fertilizers are by no means a must, in fact another big mistake many beginners make is putting to much fertilizer.  But there’s no denying the wonders they can do for any type of garden.

There are many different choices when it comes to choosing the right fertilizer.  However, before you go out and start buying everything off the shelf, it’s essential to know which types you may need.

There are three main ingredients contained in most general fertilizers:

  • Nitrogen for refreshed foliage and general plant growth.
  • Phosphorus for a healthy root system.
  • Potassium for producing fruits and radiance.  
  • There also a number of trace minerals that contribute to plant health.  

You can choose between dry granular, water-soluble and time-released types of fertilizers, to suit your needs.  This will depend on your gardening style and the needs of your plants.  For example, water-soluble (liquid) fertilizers are absorbed quicker but will need to be constantly supplied.  Whereas granular fertilizers tend to last longer in the soil.  

Understanding different types and varieties of fertilizers is a must when supplementing your soil.  Without proper knowledge it is best to avoid fertilizers, especially if you are just starting out.

For organic fertilizer options read “Best Soil Supplements”.

Mulchinggardening basics mulch

Mulching is the act of putting organic material on top of the soil and around the plants.  Mulching is very beneficial as it helps to keep moisture in the soil and supplies beneficial bacteria and microbes to the soil as it decomposes.  Mulch can be almost any organic material such as grass clippings and wood chips.  Apply the mulch around the base of the plant and surrounding soil.   


Author: Brennan Young

Thank you for stopping by! I started to share my love for creative gardening, healthy living, and home DIY’s. If you enjoy the content on this site, I encourage you to follow via social media (below). I’d also love to hear from you so feel free to contact me!